Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a generally mild and very common endocrine disorder as it occurs in 5-10% of females, by the development of small cysts in the ovaries occurs. Through a simple transvaginal ultrasound and hormone analysis we can come to a diagnosis. Generally the presence of these small cysts will be safe and no removal is required, there is evidence that it is largely a genetic disease or a metabolic dysfunction.

The most common physical symptoms are:

  • Infertility because of not ovulating. In fact,  PCOS is the most common cause of female infertility.
  • Infrequent, absent, and/or irregular menstrual periods.
  • Excess androgenic hormones.
  • Insulin resistance.

Cysts are the result of the ovarian disease , therefore the symptoms will persist even if both ovaries are removed, the disease can appear even if cysts are absent. More often gynecologists see it as a gynaecological problem, since the ovary is the primary organ affected. However, recent studies show a multisystem disorder, with the primary problems lies in hormonal regulation in hypothalamus, that involves several organs. The polycystic ovary syndrome can appear as a cyst or as a wide spectrum of symptoms possible. The laparoscopic surgery drilling of ovaries is one of the most common solutions.

PCOS produces symptoms in approximately 5-10% of women of reproductive age . It is thought to be one of the leading causes of female infertility and the most frequent endocrine problem in women of reproductive age. Finding that the ovaries appear polycystic on ultrasound is common, but it is not an absolute requirement in all definitions of the disorder.

Polycystic ovary syndrome treatment

If you’re trying to get pregnant and you have been diagnosed with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, you have to know that the search for pregnancy in these cases may be more complicated, since it is difficult to know the exact time of your ovulation, we suggest that you go to your gynecologist to orient you on the most appropriate treatment for your case.

PCOS treatments generally focuses on management of your individual main concerns, such as infertility, hirsutism, acne or obesity:

  • Lifestyle changes: our doctor may recommend weight loss to improve your condition.
  • Medications to regulate your menstrual cycle, to help you ovulate and/or to reduce excessive hair growth.