The best fertility clinics for fertility treatments should have a versatile team of professionals including gynecologists, embryologists, geneticists, urologists, nurses, anesthesiologists, psychologists and medical assistants in order to offer more attention and support to their patients.

Relying on the expertise in IVF treatments these professionals should provide their patients with all required information about the process, dedicating their scientific rigor to making the treatment as simple and efficient as possible. It is highly important to support the patient throughout the process, for their mental state is, more often than not, reflected upon the outcomes of the fertility treatment.

There are several specialized methods for treating infertility. Additionally, there are therapies aimed at women without a partner or homosexual female couples. Some of such fertilization methods include:

  • intra uterine insemination (IUI) with partner or donor sperm,
  • IVF with egg donation utilizing partner or donor sperm,
  • embryo donation or ‘shared motherhood’ using reception of oocytes from partner (ROPA).

Shared motherhood

As its name suggests the main uniqueness of this IVF method lies in the fact that both women take part in the fertilization treatment. In the first stage of the process, one of them undergoes ovarian stimulation to provide eggs. These are retrieved from her ovaries using ovarian puncture, to be later fertilized ‘in vitro’ (i.e. in a tube) with donor sperm from the sperm bank, closely resembling a regular IVF treatment. However, during the second stage, fertilized eggs, or embryos, are surgically inserted into the uterus of the second woman who will carry the child inside her womb and give birth.

This way both women actively participate in the fertilization process, therefore both can be classified as biological mothers of their future infant: the first being the genetic mother and the second – the gestational.

*All treatments are performed in accordance with the current Spanish legislation, namely the Law 14/2006, of 26th of May dealing with human assisted human reproductive technology. This law stipulates the absolute anonymity of gamete donors ensuring that their identity remains classified. Sperm donation is perceived to be an altruistic act without any claims for paternity.

What is IVF process?

In vitro fertilization, mostly to as IVF, is one of the methods to treat infertility belonging to the group of assisted reproductive technology, and having a reasonably high success rate. The term ‘in vitro’ literally means ‘in a glass’. It refers to the process during which woman’s eggs are fertilized in artificial conditions, i.e. outside of her uterus.

In the first stage of IVF treatment, the patient takes medications to suppress her natural menstrual cycle. Once this is achieved, she has to commence with regular hormone injections called FSH (or Follicle Stimulation Hormone). This hormone aims to increase the number of eggs produced in the ovaries. Ultrasound examination is used to determine whether the follicles have shown sufficient growth. Should this be the case, the patient receives a single dose of a hormone called hCG (chorionic gonadotrophin) to help her eggs to mature. Thereafter the patient’s eggs can be extracted.

The extraction takes place under vaginal ultrasound guidance to localize the ovarian follicles. Further, a needle is inserted through the vagina into each of the ovaries to collect the eggs. During this process the patient remains sedated. In the meanwhile a semen sample is collected from the male partner or a donor and delivered to the laboratory. The sample undergoes a careful selection process referred to as “washing” to isolate the healthiest sperm. The selected sperm is then mixed with extracted eggs in a laboratory dish. If the partner’s sperm happens to be too weak, each egg will need to be injected individually to aid the fertilization process. This is called intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Once fertilization takes place whereby the eggs start growing, a maximum of three fertilized eggs will be chosen and inserted into the patient’s uterus.

This procedure is known as embryo transfer, and does not require any anesthesia. Selected embryos are carefully placed into a thin tube and inserted into the woman’s uterus. Any other remaining embryos will be frozen for the case of unsuccessful pregnancy.

The safest and the most successful way to become pregnant

Nowadays, most clinics offering fertility treatments have started guaranteeing pregnancy. They have created special packages which include fertility treatments with oocyte donation, with the sole aim to help couples achieve their goal of becoming parents, and to guarantee a pregnancy.

Fertility clinics that seek to surpass their patients’ expectations offer a full refund of the patients’ payment if the fertility treatment fails to result in a successful pregnancy.

In VITA fertility clinic we offer a special package called BONOFIV that includes four complete IVF cycles with oocyte donation. These encompass frozen embryo transfer whenever remaining embryos generated during previous BONOFIV cycles were preserved. As long as frozen embryos are available, there will be no need for a new oocyte donation to be performed. Nonetheless, the patient will receive all the necessary attention from VITA’s multilingual medical team specializing in reproductive medicine and assisted reproduction. If ICSI and Hatching techniques, as described earlier, happen to be necessary, they will be included. Furthermore, if the male partner’s sperm is frozen during one of the BONOFIV cycles it will be included, too, in order to save an additional sperm extraction. Additionally, the BONOFIV package includes all the necessary ultrasound examinations required for the entire fertility treatment.