Migraine is a condition characterized by intense head pain associated with nausea and/or vomiting, with great intolerance to light and noise, usually throbbing and increases with physical exertion.

Recent studies have shown that climate change is just one of the triggers of migraine episodes and although they do not represent a decisive agent in all cases, it is confirmed that 43% of migraine attacks are associated with changes in temperature. In spring the patients reported an increase of 14% of migraine attacks; during fall of 13%; 11% in summer and last winter the percentage is reduced to 7%.

Therapies for the treatment of migraine

Migraine is an easy disease to diagnose, however, it can be confused with other types of pain (headache) so it is important when you suffer it to go to the doctor for a diagnosis and an appropriate treatment.

The headache is caused by migraine when:

  • Headache lasts from 4 to 72 hours.
  • Location of pain usually on one side of the head and it goes from moderate to severe intensity, that affects daily activities.
  • Be pulsatile.
  • Aggravated by physical activity.
  • Accompanied by at least one of the following manifestations: Nausea, vomiting or both and / or discomfort to light, noise or both.
  • No evidence of organic disease.

Today there are new therapies for the treatment of migraine, among them is a new group of medications, one already has over three years of experience in the market. Also, experts recommend to identify pain triggers towards gaining personal control of the disease. Some medications, treatments and therapies used to combat migraines can be:

  • Pain-relieving medications: These types of medications are taken during migraine attacks and are designed to stop symptoms that have already begun.
    • Pain relievers: Aspirin, ibuprofen ,..
    • Triptans
    • Ergots
    • Anti-nausea medications
    • Opioid medications
    • Glucocorticoids
  • Preventive medications: These types of medications are taken regularly to reduce the severity or frequency of migraines.
    • Cardiovascular drugs
    • Antidepressants
    • Anti-seizure drugs
    • OnabotulinumtoxinA (Botox)
    • Pain relievers
  • Lifestyle and home remedies: Self-care measures can help ease the pain of a migraine headache.
    • Muscle relaxation exercises
    • Get enough sleep
    • Rest and relax
    • Keep a headache diary
  • Alternative medicine: Nontraditional therapies may be helpful if you have chronic migraine pain.
    • Acupuncture
    • Biofeedback
    • Massage therapy
    • Herbs, vitamins and minerals

Anyway, you treatment must be given by a neurologist. IMED Hospitals in Elche and Benidorm have a neurology unit, with a team of doctors specialized in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of all diseases involving the nervous system.