World Health Day takes on 7th April, and the topic of this year is about diabetes, a life-long disease caused by a lack of insulin production by the pancreas that affects the way the body handles glucose in blood, causing many complications such as lower limb amputation, kidney failure, blindness, heart infarction or decreased immunity. World Health Organization is promoting efforts to halt rise in it and improve care for people with diabetes.

Health environments reduce diabetes risk factors

There are 3 main forms of diabetes:

  • Type 1 Diabetes, due to a deficient insulin production. People living with it require daily administration of insulin for survival. The cause of this type of diabetes is not known.

  • Type 2 Diabetes, due to an ineffective use of insulin by the body. This type accounts for the vast majority of people living with diabetes, and is largely the result of excess body weight and physical inactivity. Once seen only in adults, type 2 diabetes is now increasingly occurring in children and young people.

  • Gestational diabetes, a temporary condition that occurs in pregnancy and carries long-term risk of type 2 diabetes.

The number of people living with diabetes has almost quadrupled since 1980 to 422 million adults (8.5% of the population). Diabetes causes 1.5 million annual deaths. An additional 2.2 million deaths are caused by higher-than-optimal levels of blood glucose, through an increased risk of cardiovascular and other diseases. Many of these deaths (43%) occur prematurely, before the age of 70 years.

With this figures we can conclude that diabetes is an important health problem that affects everyone and must be taken into account. It feels necessary the adoption of policies to create supportive environments for healthy lifestyles and better detection and treatment of diabetes.

Many cases of diabetes can be prevented. There are measures to detect and manage the condition, improving the odds that people with diabetes live long and healthy lives.

These measures include policies to halt the rise in diabetes and obesity, and to improve access to insulin and medicines for many people with diabetes in poorest countries. People with diabetes can live long and healthy lives if diabetes is detected and well-managed. It is necessary blood glucose controls through a combination of diet, physical activity and medication, facilitating early diabetes diagnosis and treatment.

Diabetes prevention is very simple in many cases. Thirty minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity on most days and a healthy diet can drastically reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

actions needed to halt rise in diabetes

Weight Loss Surgery to treat Diabetes

Recent researches demonstrate Type 2 Diabetes, the most common type of this disease, can be treated efficiently by applying “surgical techniques for obesity“, appropriately modified. Gastric bypass and Gastric sleeve surgeries have demonstrated the effectiveness and durability of diabetes control.

How weight loss surgery helps Type 2 Diabetes? This surgery somehow changes the body’s metabolism and calms diabetes in certain people. It helps control blood sugar levels in the long term, even to the point of not needing insulin anymore. Patients who undergo this procedure and follow the advice diet after surgery, suffer significant weight loss resulting a better disease control. Even among people with type 2 diabetes who are good candidates, surgery should not become the first treatment they try. A specialist diabetes surgeon can advise you.