The ovary is a reproductive organ found in pairs of the vertebrate female reproductive system. The ovaries are the main source of a woman’s female hormones, estrogen and progesterone. This organ produces eggs that travel through the fallopian tubes to the uterus.

Many types of tumors can start in the ovaries some are benign and never spread beyond the ovary. Women with these types of tumors can be treated by taking out either the ovary or the part of the ovary that has the tumor. Other types of tumors are cancerous and can spread to other parts of the body as epithelial tumors, germ cell tumors and stromal tumors.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

All women, simply because they are women, are at risk for developing ovarian cancer. This type of cancer is almost the hardest to detect in its early stage. To complicate matters, the ovaries are tiny organs buried deep within the abdomen, making the symptoms originating from them all the more difficult to detect and all the more likely to be confused for something far less serious. The most common symptoms are bloating, pain during sex, menstrual changes, ongoing unusual fatigue, urinary frequency and pelvic or abdominal pain.

Diagnose of Ovarian Cancer

The only definitive way to confirm a diagnosis of ovarian cancer is by taking a tissue sample (biopsy) and looking at the cells under a microscope. Doctor will start checking for any lumps by feeling your abdomen and doing an internal vaginal examinations . Blood test will be also asked to check for tumour markers. The most common tumour marker for ovarian cancer is CA-125. The level of CA-125 may be higher in women with ovarian cancer. However, it can also be raised in women who have non-cancerous conditions, including irritable bowel syndrome, kidney disease, liver disease, endometriosis or fibroids.

Doctor will use ultrasound scan, abdominal ultrasound and transvaginal ultrasound to help determine if you have ovarian cancer, and if it has spread. PET scans may be more accurate than a CT scan, and the results of a PET scan may help the medical team decide on your treatment.