What is arthrosis?

Arthrosis is a chronic joint disorder that affects the joint cartilage and gets old overtime. Cartilage uses off and bones start to rob on each other producing pain, inflammation and joint movement los.
How does arthrosis manifest itself?
Arthrosis is the most frequent rheumatic disorder. Approximately 70% of people over 70 years old have radiologic evidences of it.
It affects women and men, and it can affect any joint, however, in most cases the affected spots are knees, hips, hands, knuckles (hereditary), spine, and cervical, lumbar and dorsal vertebrae. Especially during cold weather the joint pain gets worse.

What causes arthrosis?

Hand nodular arthrosis (of hereditary type) is found in people below the age of 40. It worsens with age but it is not exclusive of old-age. Obesity can make this disorder evolve much faster in load-bearing joints such as knees and hips.
There are also genetic alterations of the joint cartilage. As a consequence of performing certain jobs or doing specific kinds of sports repeated joint injuries will contribute to the degree of arthrosis.
Injuries, traumas and fractures contribute to ageing of cartilages.

Arthritis – signs and symptoms

Pain: it appears with movement or loading the joint, and it gets worst during the day. In the case of severe arthritis it can appear in rest and during night sleep.
Deformity: the joint gets wider and stiff, generally after being in bed or sitting down for a long period of time.
Joint inflammation: there can be episodes of severe joint inflammation (swelling, increased size and pain).

Diagnose

Clinical suspicion has to be confirmed with a physical examination, x-rays in order to exclude other types of joint illness.

Treatments for arthrosis

Arthrosis treatment includes pharmacological ways and non-pharmacological mainly due to patient’s education and an improvement in the joint function.

Pharmacological treatment

-Simple analgesics, anti-inflammatory non-steroids, or 3rd grade medication to control pain.
-Infiltrations: they reduce pain and inflammation, and delay prostheses placement.
• Corticoids (celestone, trigon depot)
• Hyaluronic acid
• Mother cells in joint cartilage, in early stages, etc.
-Sysadoas or slow action treatments: to slow down the illness (glucosamine sulfate, condroitin and diacerein).

Non pharmacological treatments include:
• Educational programs (reducing weight, exercise, use of the correct footwear, and orthopedics).
• Rehabilitation to improve muscular capacity, functionality and aerobic capacity.
• In badly affected joints, surgery can be necessary, repairing or replacing joints (with a joint prosthesis) to eliminate pain and restore the joint’s functionality.

Arthritis

What is arthritis?

Arthritis is a joint disorder, producing inflammation, deforming and even destruction of joints.

Arthritis is caused by our autoimmune mechanisms (production of our own antibodies that attack joints) rather than by bone or joint aging.

Inflammation does not take place at the cartilage level, but rather at the synovial level.

It can affect people of any age, even children. It can also affect other organs and systems.

While there are genetic causes, various factors such as smoking and stress can contribute to one’s predisposal to suffer arthritis.

The diagnostics are done with x-rays and blood tests with rheumatic markers.

There are various types of arthritis, but the most characteristic is rheumatic arthritis.

Another type of arthritis is gout, caused by crystals deposit in joints, especially in feet and ankles.

Arthritis treatment is much more complex than the arthrosis one, because a control by rheumatologist.

Some treatments to consider are the corticoids, biological therapies, etc. Steroids infiltrations are also used for treating affected joints.